Inquiry 3: The Foreseeable Consequences of Fast Fashion in Vietnam: Who Should Step up?

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Introduction

For this third assignment of ENG 109, I chose to talk about the trend of Fast Fashion in Vietnam and how it is affecting the human and environmental sides of the country. I have always been interested in the topic of fashion and sustainability, that is why I chose to talk about Fast Fashion as it’s the result of the correlation between the two of my fields of interest. As Vietnam is my hometown, I feel like I am contributing to the country by showing my concern to a social issue, that after writing this prompt, I am sure many Vietnamese are unaware of. Hopefully, after reading this blog, you could also gain an insight into the Fast Fashion, and find out for yourself how it’s developing in your country.

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The foreseeable consequences of Fast Fashion on human rights and the environment in Vietnam: Who should step up?

 The fashion industry each year generates billions of dollars and it is growing. As you look at many items of your clothes, you can see they are made from a variety of countries, such as China, Bangladesh, India, or Vietnam. According to Knack, Vietnam is the 5th largest country to produce garments in the world, thanks to their skilled and cheap labor. For years, companies have chosen Vietnam to be their top locations for factories, but nowadays, they are also looking at Vietnam as a market to consume their products. From the year 2012 till now, many fashion companies, especially Fast Fashion companies, have made their grand openings, attracting thousands of exciting future clients. With this growth in the economy, comes a new problem that few Vietnamese recognizes. They are problems of the environment and human rights. For years, as the population and the economy grows, many scientists and organizations are looking for alternatives to protect the environment and human rights for future generations. However, their efforts only are not enough. In the future, it is up to the consumers to control how Fast Fashion will affect the country’s natural and labor, by knowing how to correctly buy and reuse clothes.

     Fast Fashion is such a new concept in Vietnam that not a lot of people actually know what it really means. According to Rauturier, an intern currently working for the Content and Community department at Good on You organization, offers some good information about the industry’s concept. Fast Fashion is the practice of rapidly translating high fashion designs into low-priced garments. It started since the Industrial Revolution introduced new technology, such as the sewing machine; therefore, clothes were easier, cheaper to make, creating sweatshops. In the late 1990s and 2000s, low-cost fashion reached its peak, with the domination of H&M, Zara, and Top Shop over the high streets. These brands promote looks and design elements with quick and cheap prices. Rauterier believes that since everyone is now able to shop for on-trend clothes whenever they want, the phenomenon quickly caught on. So how come Vietnam comes from a country that exports clothes to a country that consumes them?

     Young says in her article “Fast Fashion Battle Heats up in Vietnam” that, Vietnamese are earning more and are requiring higher quality from their clothes. During an interview with Hoa Nguyen, a Vietnamese college student majoring in foreign economic relations, gives some of her opinion on the fashion industry. She is currently a student, so she’s not earning any income, but she admits to shopping every once a week, spending roughly $35 every time. “Trends are changing really fast, and I do feel a certain need to adapt to them. But I also don’t think that I, or people of my generation shop to follow trends. I think we just shop to fulfill our needs. We get bored easily, we want a chance to go outside and relax with our friends.” Diane Huffman, a Professor of Education at Miami University who focuses on culture and organization, also agrees that teenagers nowadays are spending more than they should fill up a certain void. “I do think there is a reason why this generation is spending money on things that they don’t need. They do that to fill up a feeling of emptiness, so they would go out to buy trendy clothes to feel like they blend in.”

     The expansion of Fast Fashion would build up competitions of the garment industry in Vietnam, but in the long run, it’s not a sustainable development. Nikolay Anguelov, a professor of economic development at University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, an alumnus of the Fashion Institute of Technology, says in his book that, “On average, 200 tons of water is used for every ton of textile produced. Ibrahim says that the chemical compounds, metals, and toxic substances are discharged in a runoff process. They travel from the waters around textile plants into the groundwater systems of large regions, affecting the entire ecosystems” (79). Weaving cotton into fabric is also the most ecologically damaging industrial production link because of the chemical pollutants expelled in the liquid effluents that result from the runoff processes during textile (Anguelov 77). With more clothes being produced for international and domestic companies, the runoffs of these products will become even more severe. Imagine how much money it would cost for us to deal with this problem in the future. Not to add to the problem, but the environment in Vietnam is not such a good place to start with. Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam, is considered one of the most air-polluted cities. According to GreenID report, the annual average air pollution in Hanoi in 2017 was four times higher than those deemed acceptable by the WHO (qtd. in Nam Phuong). Now imagine Vietnam with more fumes being pumped out of factories to make clothes.

     Along with the environment, the development of Fast Fashion may also affects the human’s working conditions. Fast Fashion development could enhance the battle of producing garments for consumption in the country, making more and more people would view this as their opportunities to open up factories. While there are big factories that could provide good working conditions for workers, it is not certain that smaller companies could do the same thing. According to Huong Nguyen, an associate professor of Ministry of Labor-Invalids and Social Affairs Vietnam, 80% of garment enterprises in 2015 violated labor safety violations such as not providing enough resting periods or forcing their labors to work overtime. Not to mention, the clothes production line already contains many harmful effects to its workers. For example, Pan et al. say that “Textile processing consists of three major industrial operations – spinning, weaving, and finishing. Spinning entails mostly dry processing and generates noise and dust pollution. Spinning is considered the least-impacting stage when it comes to the environment, but it’s still very harmful to workers. The average textile plant uses shuttle looms that cause noise levels as high as 1—dB, exceeding the highest safety limit of 85 dB” (qtd. in Anguelov 78-79).

     Some skeptics may view the development of Fast Fashion as an opportunity more than a threat to the society. The industry is creating jobs for thousands of Vietnamese, and they are helping the economic make dramatic increases. However, if they look at the future consequences instead of focusing on the immediate benefits, they might see the inconceivable cost of fixing the situation. Despite the government strict guidance, many factories still choose to dump their chemicals into the ocean, causing the deaths of sea creatures. This doesn’t only affect the ecosystem, but also human health and the economy. Furthermore, as Fast Fashion promotes itself on newness and rapid speed, they would make more products than people can consume. What would happen to all the clothes that people no longer want? What would the country do once clothes get piled up in the landfill and clog the ocean?

     Some people may think that there are other industries that contribute to the pollution or poor working conditions such as the manufacturing or the chemical industry, and since Fast Fashion is new, we shouldn’t worry too much about it yet. But in order to ensure a sustainable development, we need to develop a sustainable plan, and why can’t we choose to start with the Fast Fashion industry? As it is new, wouldn’t it be easier to tackle compared to other major and complex industries? This plan may be hard to accomplish for Vietnam, as this is a developing country and the large majority of people might be unaware or be apathetic to the problem. But looking on the millennials, the new generations of Vietnam, they are becoming much more aware and knowledgeable of the world around them. The world is also going through the age of globalization, making it easy for more classes in Vietnam to be in contact with the problems of the world such as how to build a sustainable lifestyle.

     Vietnam for years have recognized the negative effects of the garment industry on people and the environment, and it has taken initiatives to make the garment industry more sustainable for the future. Crystal Tai, a graduated political science student at the University of British Columbia who is currently an independent journalist about culture and social movements, shares her positive outlook on Vietnam’s fashion industry. According to Tai’s article “Vietnam’s chance to become a leader in sustainable fashion manufacturing,” she points out that with the expansion of the garment industry, Vietnam is putting efforts into cracking down polluters, and the foreign investors are building new factories using more environmentally friendly manufacturing process. The government for years has made interference to protect the environment like imposing stricter policies or penalties for companies that dump toxic waste on the environment.

     Some may think such responsibilities belong to the government and the companies only: If the government impose stricter laws, companies would have fewer opportunities to do bad things in the first place. However, as much as we can see many companies try to make promises about providing a safe environment for workers or building environmentally friendly factories, there are too many processes involved in the production of garments that makes the companies impossible to take control over every single one of them (Peoples). Furthermore, if the government decides to make strict laws, they might have to create many stages in order for products to be sold in Vietnam. This would pose a serious problem for businesses, as they might be turned away from the opportunity to expand their markets in Vietnam. If the foreign fashion brands don’t appear, there is no guarantee that the competition in Fast Fashion stops there. Without the more trusting and big brands which have images to protect, there would be even fewer opportunities to protect the environment and human rights, as those companies may make more reliable commitments than the clothing brands no one is familiar with.

     Despite many efforts have been taken to improve the environment and labor condition of Vietnam’s fashion industry, more should be done to help the developing Fast Fashion industry from harming the country, and these actions need to come from the consumers. If it was up to the companies to change, they are surely always thinking of better ways to sell their products. Looking at Anguelov’s book, he mentions that it is the fashion trendsetters who drive the change cycle. “The fashion industry, not its customers, dictates the change of trends. Therefore, fashion sales are retailer driven, not customer driven” (5). Consumers need to be stricter with what they choose to buy or not. It is clear that many companies will choose to take actions once a major incident impacts their income. They see a loss in their pocket, and they must choose to act before losing their profits. One example of that situation is, after the Rana Plaza disaster in 2013, many people had second thoughts on supporting the fashion industry (Lodhi). Many companies had to take initiatives to make their brands more sustainable so they could regain the customers’ trust in fashion companies. Even though the industry has strategic marketing skills to draw in customers, it still has to go after the customers’ needs. In the end, consumers still have the upper leverage, as they are the ones who are fueling the industry. Consumers need to realize how important their roles are so that they could be more determined and wiser with their purchases. Don’t just follow trends to fulfill the desire of newness, or the country would be filled with unnecessary clothes in landfills.

     As Fast Fashion is a new concept in Vietnam, and sustainability is a new lifestyle made popular by developed countries in recent years, it can be hard to persuade the new generation of Vietnamese to become enthusiastic for a more sustainable future. Huffman shares in her interview that, she may now know a new concept called Fast Fashion, and she believes that the trend should slow down at some points, “But how do I know what brands to support, and what not to?” Hoa Nguyen also says in her interview that since she is not well aware of the negative impacts of Fast Fashion, she would actually let the young industry grow for a while and not try to halt it at all. It might be hard to control impulsive shopping, and it’s a long way there, but every change takes time. New generations are becoming more susceptible to changes because they are more aware of global issues and they are in a more urgent position to protect their environment. At least, there is still potential to change the mindsets of consumers. With most of the companies in the industry, there is no guarantee that they would think of the environment over their own pockets.

     Persuading the consumers might be the biggest challenge of the proposal, but it is also the biggest benefit. If we could change the consumers’ mind now, we are setting the foundation for future generations to become a more sustainable planet. Consumers don’t need to make a revolution, protest down the street, they could start slow. Huffman and Nguyen both shared that they aren’t sure what brand they should be supporting. Hoa Nguyen even mentioned that since she is not aware of Fast Fashion industry’s consequences or which brand to support, she doesn’t feel that Fast Fashion needs to be slowed down to halt the economy’s growth. We can start by raising awareness for the consumers. People can go online to find out more about sustainable fashion brands, like looking up Fashion Transparency Index, which is publicly disclosed information about each brand’s policies and progress on human rights and environmental issues across its supply chain (“FAQ: Fashion Transparency Index 2017”). There is also an app called Good on You, which believes that people’s shopping choices have a huge impact on how businesses treat the environment, so it offers trusted ratings of ethic and sustainability on thousands of fashion brand (“Good on You”).

     Consumers not only need to know how to pick their clothes, but they also need to know what to do with their old clothes before the country is filled with thousands of tons of them. At developed countries that have been through decades of Fast Fashion such as Britain, it is expected to have thrown away 235 million items of unwanted clothing to landfill in the spring of 2017 (Smithers).  It is enough that the chemicals are clogging the ecosystem, we don’t need more fabrics to clog up the sewage or appear inside the stomachs of living creatures. Lan Nguyen, a doctor, mother of two children in her adolescent, shares her worry on how her children are spending a large amount of money on clothes. “Most of them don’t even make it through the season. The clothes just sit in the closet until it gets too full!” Lan would go on to give her solution to that problem: by making the kids think before they buy, and to recycle the clothes they throw away. “I would just give the old clothes to the people I know in the countryside. The clothes are always usable, and they are nicer than most fabric found there.” There are solutions to mitigate the problems like what Lan did to her children’s excessive clothes, but even there will be a time when those clothes will be thrown away and pile up in the landfills.

     Vietnamese need to realize that they are in charge of the market, that they are much more powerful than they think. Vietnam’s economy has grown drastically in recent years, making the government have to open up their markets to attract investors or really bad consequences. A more open and diverse market means more businesses that the government has to keep an eye on. The consumers could decide to raise their voice about certain companies, such as calling them out formal treating their employees, or dumping toxic waste directly into the environment, before the government may be even aware of the issue. Bottom line is that the government is still made of the people, and we must stand together in this fight against the harmful effects Fast Fashion has on Vietnam. The revolution the consumers put up may halt the economic growth, but that fact is not definitely certain. If companies notice that they need to improve their working environment or how to build a more environmentally brand, they certainly would need to hire more people to improve that specific field before going into business again. For calling out the harmful companies, consumers are not causing a dip in the country’s economy, but they are actually cutting out the toxic of the garment industry, improving the Fast Fashion industry. Therefore, consumers are providing the businesses and themselves a better environment for development at the same time.

     Even though Vietnam is a developing country, it could still adopt this initiative like other developed countries because Vietnam is becoming a potential market for many companies in the world. They are not just importing their garments anymore, they are importing those garments back to their countries for consumption. The people will actually get first-hand account of what it is like to be in control of the entire industry, realizing how important their roles are for the community, and they might even feel more motivated to take on bigger challenges to make the planet more sustainable. The business field in Vietnam is actually expanding on this aspect. More and more companies are selling recyclable products or second-hand clothes. The country is turning sustainability into a new economy, and it could take some ideas or two from other developed countries that have undergone the Fast Fashion industry.

     As the trend of Fast Fashion is new, it is bound to develop drastically in the near future, and very little is being done to deal with future consequences. Looking at the developed countries, we can see how the industry affects those countries, and Vietnamese needs to act before those consequences catch up to them. Alongside with the interference of the government, more is required from the consumers to provide a sustainable development for the industry for the future. They need to use their powerful voices as consumers now to make companies produce less harm to the country in particular and to the planet in general.

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Works Cited

Anguelov, Nikolay. The Dirty Side of the Garment Industry: Fast Fashion and Its Negative Impact on Environment and Society. Taylor & Francis Group, 2016.

About Good on You. Good on You. goodonyou.eco/about/. Accessed 30 Oct. 2018.

“FAQ: FashionTransparency Index 2017.” FashionRevolution, www.fashionrevolution.org/faqs-fashion-transparency-index-2017/. Accessed 30 Oct. 2018

 “GDP per capita.” World Bank Group, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=VN. Accessed 13 Oct. 2018.

Huong, Nguyen. “Vietnamese Textile and Apparel Industry in the Context of FTA: The Labour and Social Impacts.” UNESCAP. www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/DA9%20Viet%20Nam%20Session%207%20-%20textile%20and%20apparel%20industry.pdf. Accessed by 1 Nov. 2018.

Knack, Oliver. “Top 4 Asian Countries for Garment Manufacturing.” Techpacker, 5 Sept. 2017, www.techpacker.com/blog/top-4-asian-countries-for-garment-manufacturing/

Rauturier, Solene, “What is Fast Fashion?” Good on You, Aug. 7, 2018, goodonyou.eco/what-is-fast-fashion/

Smithers, Rebecca. “Britons expected to send 235m items of clothing to landfill this spring.” The Guardian, 6 Apr. 2017, www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/apr/06/britons-expected-to-send-235m-items-of-clothing-to-landfill-this-spring

Young, Noh K. “Fast Fashion Battle Heats up in Vietnam.” HuffPost, 24 Sep. 2017, www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/fast-fashion-battle-heats-up-in-vietnam_us_59c773d6e4b0b7022a646b3f

Tai, Crystal. “Vietnam’s chance to become a leader in sustainable fashion manufacturing.” South China Morning Post, 28 Dec. 2017, www.scmp.com/lifestyle/fashion-luxury/article/2125808/how-vietnam-could-upgrade-its-textiles-industry-become-eco

Lodhi, Arwa. “How to tell if a fashion brand is sustainable: 8 ways.” Eluxe Magazine. eluxemagazine.com/magazine/how-to-tell-if-a-fashion-brand-is-sustainable/. http://eluxemagazine.com/magazine/how-to-tell-if-a-fashion-brand-is-sustainable/. Accessed 13 Oct. 2018.

Peoples, Landon. “How to Tell If a Child Made Your Clothes.” Refinery29, Apr. 20, 2018, www.refinery29.com/2018/04/196678/child-labor-fashion-checklist

Phuong, Nam. “Hanoi suffers alarming air pollution almost entire Q1 2018: report.” VNExpress, May 16, 2018, e.vnexpress.net/news/news/hanoi-suffers-alarming-air-pollution-almost-entire-q1-2018-report-3749850.html

Seth, Stevenson. “How Zara gets fresh styles to stores insanely fast – within weeks.” Slate, Jun. 21, 2012. slate.com/culture/2012/06/zaras-fast-fashion-how-the-company-gets-new-styles-to-stores-so-quickly.html

Pictures, Creative Commons, 2018

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Annotated Bibliography

Anguelov, Nikolay. The Dirty Side of the GarmentIndustry: Fast Fashion and Its Negative Impact on Environment and Society. Taylor& Francis Group, 2016.

     Summarize: In Nikolay Anguelov’s book “The Dirty Side of the Garment Industry: FastFashion and Its Negative Impact on Environment and Society”, the author exposes the fashion’s industry marketing tactics to hide the fact that the industry is the second largest polluter after agriculture. The book goes in depth about the fashion trade and its related goods, raising awareness of the environment and ethical aspects relating to the Fast Fashion industry. It figures the commercial and cultural factors that lead to the growth and dominance of the fashion industry. The author then examines marketing, business, and economic models to address the trend of overconsumption of cheap and readily disposable clothes.

     Assess: The book is written by Nikolay Anguelov, someone with marketing and fashion background, making his argument much more credible. The book has many sources from many different time points, each to support the author’s arguments as he looks back into the history of Fast Fashion to figure out the reasons behind its over-expansion. The book is well-supported with evidence and references. The author of the book goes into different aspects like marketing, business, and economic to find evidence why Fast Fashion is growing so rapidly and why people failed to address these problems earlier. His tone is also very objective, explaining assumptions with clear statistics and references. In the end, the readers will conclude a holistic understanding of the garment industry, as well as a clear and detailed overview of the problems in ethical and environment relating to this fashion industry.

     Reflect: The book talks in detail about why and how the Fast Fashion industry negatively affects labor’s working conditions and the environment. Therefore, this source could provide me references and different views of the garment industry. The book itself has many references throughout the timeline of each point that is made. The book talks about how previous models to address these issues have failed in the past, which helps me produce a proper solution for the problems. Even though the industry mostly brings the negative effects on human rights and environment, the author goes further to talk about its business sides, showing me many ways to address the problems caused by the Fast Fashion industry. I can also use the book to speak against those who think the Fast Fashion industry is producing a lot of profit to humans that the problem could be overlooked for the time being. I could show them that we must act now before its effects are too serious and would take more money the industry could make to fix it.

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Peoples, Landon. “How to Tell If a Child Made Your Clothes.” Refinery29, Apr. 20, 2018, www.refinery29.com/2018/04/196678/child-labor-fashion-checklist

     Summary: The article “How to Tell If a Child Made Your Clothes” by Landon Peoples provides the reader the problem of child labor in the fashion industry. The author first starts by stating that more and more companies are becoming honest about their clothes’ production process. These companies would try to claim consumers that they are doing their best to the planet, like eliminating the use of fur to protect animals or trying to make their products more sustainable. However, those promises may be harder to keep, according to Peoples. He goes to prove his argument by stating that despite all those promises, it is hard for big companies to gain full awareness and control of the production process as it’s too long. Peoples says that it will take a lot of time and efforts for companies to actually do things like joining the International Labor Organization because it’s a joined efforts of many parties. He goes on to provide an overview of the problem of child labor so that readers can conclude a solution for themselves. For example, by saying that clothes are “Made in USA” doesn’t mean they are secured in quality, that children in European countries can still be seen working for sweatshops, the author lets the readers see that they must be wise when it comes to choosing their products, that they shouldn’t simply pick garments made from developed countries with the hope that they might be child-labor-free.

     Assess: The article is written recently by Peoples Landon, a writer on the field of Fashion for Refiner29, which is a leading global media company that is published in three different languages: Canada, UK, and Germany. The article is provided with clear evidence, background information that provides readers with substantial context about the negative impacts of Fast Fashion on human’s working condition. The tone of the text is objective. Peoples says that despite the industry’s efforts to change, some points are still easily overlooked, such as the poor working conditions of labor in the fashion industry. The author doesn’t hammer the industry down, but he understands that changes need a lot of time and efforts to complete. Then, he also brings the consumers into the argument, that it’s also their responsibility to protect the environment against the drastic growth of Fast Fashion

     Reflect: The article acknowledges that efforts and solutions have been made in the past to change how Fast Fashion is affecting child labor problems. Then, it would go on to explain why it’s not working so well and proposes some changes. This would help me understand what is wrong with past solutions, what solutions are being done right now, and what we could do in the future as the industry continues to expand. The reading shows me what works, and what doesn’t to mitigate the negative effects the fashion industry on human working conditions.

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Rauturier, Solene, “What is Fast Fashion?” Good On You, Aug. 7, 2018, goodonyou.eco/what-is-fast-fashion/

     Summarize: The article “What is Fast Fashion” by Solene Rauturier offers readers an explicit explanation of what Fast Fashion is. It first provides the readers where the term is derived from, what it means, how it happens, how to spot a Fast Fashion brand, and what are its impacts. The author, Rauturier, would continue to show the readers how fast the industry is expanding is causing pressure to protect the environment. The author states that despite major growth of Fast Fashion compared to the past, the trend might be slowing down a bit as more and more people, such as the millennials, are becoming more aware of the industry negative impacts and would take actions such as boycotting. The article would then provide a short summary of possible solutions that the consumers should do to help mitigate the problems cause byFast Fashion.

     Assess: This article provides a short but descriptive analysis of the background and the development of Fast Fashion. Compared to other resources I have, this article is much shorter, but it covers a lot of answers relating to the definition of Fast Fashion. It still is supported with many details, like when the author talks about the development of Fast Fashion, he provides the aspecific timeline and based on that to explain further how era boosted the development of Fast Fashion. The tone of the article is objective and seems to be based on facts to build its arguments.

     Reflect: With the background knowledge that is provided in the article about Fast Fashion, it could provide backup information when I want to explain the term academically for my arguments. It also talks very explicitly of the Fast Fashion’s negative effects on the environment and human rights. However, that part plus the solution part of this article might not be the best for me to use, as it is not as detailed and well-supported like the sources I have previously found. But all those parts correlate or hold the same idea that is presented in other sources that I have found. I could use the credentials of his article to show that my resources and arguments have been approved by other sources.

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Young, Noh K. “Fast Fashion Battle Heats up in Vietnam.” HuffPost, 24 Sep., 2017, www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/fast-fashion-battle-heats-up-in-vietnam_us_59c773d6e4b0b7022a646b3f

     Summary: The article “Fast Fashion Battle Heats up in Vietnam” byNoh Ka Young talks about the development of the Fast Fashion industry and its competitiveness in Vietnam. Young shows statistical evidence to show how the industry is booming by presenting how many shoppers anticipated for H&M, one of the biggest Fast Fashion company in the world, first grand opening in HoChi Minh city. The article also interviews two consumers of Fast Fashion companies, Thuy Linh and Le Thai Son, who are both in their 20s and have stable jobs, to show that despite these companies have a higher price than local brands, the new generation is still opting clothes from Zara of H&M. The author states this trend happens due to Vietnam’s growing youth population and the country’s increasing income; therefore, they would focus more on the quality of the clothes they choose, not the cheap price. For those reasons, Vietnam is becoming an ideal playground for the Fast Fashion industry.

     Assess: This source shows how Fast Fashion is expanding rapidly in Vietnam. It turns from a country of producing products to a country that consumes the products. This article assesses the trend of Fast Fashion in Vietnam with statistical evidence and interviews of those who are the primary customers of this fashion industry. Unlike other articles, “Fast Fashion BattleHeats up in Vietnam” only focuses on how the trend is expanding, without stating how it will affect the country, unlike other articles, where the authors would explain what the trend is and what are the effects. It is then clear to see how objective the tone of the author is.

     Reflect: From the article, I could imply a new problem is that, Vietnam, while being polluted by the production of garments, is also facing a new problem of what Vietnamese would do if Fast Fashion continues to grow and they would constantly buy new products without thinking of the consequences. The author of the article also implies that with the cheap price of labor in Vietnam, companies have a higher chance to sell their products in the same country that produces it. I could imply that the trend of Fast Fashion will expand at a faster rate; therefore, I could show the readers that it is important that we address the problem of Fast Fashion before it becomes too late.

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About Good on You. Good on You. goodonyou.eco/about/.Accessed 30 Oct. 2018.

     Summary: This webpage is a brief representation of what the organization, Good on You, is about. It talks about the story of how the organization was founded, their purposes, and their accomplishments with other big and credible organizations. Good on You is a website that could tell the audience which clothing brands are good for the environment and it is also a platform that the audience could raise their voice about of against clothing brands that are harmful to the planet.

     Assess: This website show ways for the audience to find out which clothing brands should they root for to promote a sustainable lifestyle. With other sources, they provide evidence or arguments of my proposal. But with this website, I am hoping to see an actual reaction from the audience, that is to take steps and make changes in the Fast Fashion industry. This is one of the tools that the audience could use to interact directly with my prompt

     Reflect: With this website, I am offering ways the audience could take initiative after having read my arguments. The website also offers enough background and information about the organization that the audience could test out its credibility.

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Reflection:

     This is my first time ever having to present my solution and back it up for any of my writing class. I find this experience, although very hard, is still very challenging and interesting. I had to look for many ways to make my argument as clear, engaging, and persuasive as possible, so I chose a topic that I’m interested in: The effects of Fast Fashion on Vietnam’s human rights and environment. As a consumer myself, I love the fact that many fashion brands have had their grand openings in Vietnam, but I wanted to step back and view what those benefits really cost me, which made me realize how important the consumers’ roles are in the industry but very few people have really noticed.

     The most difficult part of writing this essay is to make my argument believable. People could write down their opinions of a problem, but not all can persuade a large group of audiences so. It’s very hard to find sources that could support your arguments or find ways to make my solution seems the strongest and resonates more than other proposals. I’m not quite confident that I’m a really convincing person, but I’m proud of the work I have done. It shows that I have made real progress in this class as a rhetorician. I know how to use the writing skills I learned during Inquiry 1 and 2 about rhetoric to apply that into my inquiry 3 assignment. I know which method I could use to support my prompt, what devices should I use to attract and keep the audience attention. After this assignment that I realize how hard it is to write and support my own proposal, and to realize that I’m capable of such a thing.

     During the preparation of the presentation, I could find the mistakes that I have made or some more arguments that I could add to make my essay more persuasive. And, even after the presentation, I got to receive more feedback from my peers and Professor that I could realize some of my logical fallacies and ways to improve them. My trip to the Writing Center was really helpful too as it gives me another objective opinion of my essay and I got to ask the consultants directly what her opinions were on my essay, which is something I could not do with my first peer reviewer.

     Inquiry 3 has opened up many opportunities for me to learn as a writer, a presenter, and a critical thinker. It’s rare that I get these chances, so I’m really glad that I have tried my best to take in all the things I have learned. In the future, with these experience in hands, hopefully, I could thrive even more, not only in ENG109 class but in the distant future also.

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